Mellor hill fort
At grid reference SJ the known site of the Iron Age settlement in Mellor is partially under St Thomas Church and extends into the gardens of several nearby houses. The site commands views of the Cheshire Plain and Alderley Edge to the south and the range of hills to the north.
In the medieval period escort en manhattan origin was ascribed escorta various iconic figures such as Julius CaesarKing ArthurKing Alfredthe Danes, and even giants. By the 18th century it was thought that hill forts were Roman in origin. Instead of the medieval ditch the marks were thought to denote, the ditch of an Iron Age hill fort was revealed. The paucity of known sites led archaeologist Colin Nw flower mound escorts to describe the region as a "black hole" for the Iron Age.
During this period Mellor may have been a knap site where flint tools were produced, and also may have been a seasonal camp. A high proportion of the flints are bladed tools, indicating that the people who produced them were hunter gatherers. Despite this, it is likely that the long-term habitation of the site had its roots in the late Bronze Age. This type of artefact is rare in Greater Manchester; the iranian escorts comparable site is in Saddleworth.
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Its presence has been taken as an indication that during the Bronze Age the site was used for funerary practices. Many of the hills near Mellor are surmounted by Bronze Age funerary monuments such as Brown LowShaw Cairn, and Werneth Mouhdsupporting the possibility that Mellor was also a funerary site.
It would have been traded over long distances. In common with many other hill forts, the site was probably divided into separate areas for habitation, industry, and agricultural activities such as storage, although the layout of these areas changed over time.
The separation was escprts necessarily fixed as some of the outer area shows s that it was used as a living space. The Roman fort of Melandra is nearby. The position of the hilltop indicate that it was easily defended; however, local finds indicate it was a high-status settlement rather than a military outpost unless a similar feature was located nearby.
One reason that Roman structures have not been identified is that the Romano-British inhabitants may have nw flower mound escorts roundhouses rather than buildings of a typically rectilinear Roman style. This would make them more difficult to differentiate from Iron Age roundhouses and would imply a continuation of local culture rather than an imposition of Roman style. It is also possible that Romans simply influenced the area, rather than actively occupying the site.
Investigation[ edit ] With sites such as Danebury where there is moune modern habitation or built environmentextensive excavations flowr be undertaken to establish the general layout.
The modern settlement of Mellor extends over the Iron Age hill fort, which restricts archaeological investigation. A geophysical survey was performed to establish the extent of the settlement; methods such as magnetometry and ground-penetrating radar were successful in identifying fflower eastern and northern sections of the ditch encircling the site. Excavations have been concentrated around the Old Vicarage.
While the external escortd encloses a larger area, it has smaller dimensions than the internal ditch. The chronological relation between the two ditches is uncertain.
At some point, part of the ditch was refilled and a posthole inserted into it, possibly relating to a gateway. Artefacts recovered from the ditch indicate that the inhabitants of the site had links with salt-producing communities in lowland Cheshire.
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The pot was found in one of the earliest contexts in the ditch, and dates to the Iron Age. It was probably deliberately placed at the bottom of the ditch as part of a ritual after a ificant event such as digging the ditch.
The site is used as a training excavation for students and a community dig to introduce people moun ancient history, with the participation of Mellor Archaeological Trust.